• Out of 9 papers Langague papers are one of them
  • Can be called as Paper A
  • Qualifying in Nature and Marks obtained in it but doesn’t count in Final Ranking
  • But need to clear this paper
  • If you want to clear the exam – U need to get Min of 30% in total 90 out of 300 Marks
  • Number of Hours allocated – 3 Hrs
  • If you didn’t clear this paper – UPSC will not disclose the marks in GS, Optional and essay paper.
  • SO need to work hard to cleat these papers and don’t take lightly.

List of Indian languages for IAS

Below is a list of the languages (included in the eighth schedule of the Indian constitution) you can choose from for the UPSC language paper:

Language Script
Assamese Assamese
Bengali Bengali
Gujarati Gujarati
Hindi Devanagari
Kannada Kannada
Kashmiri Persian
Konkani Devanagari
Malayalam Malayalam
Manipuri Bengali
Marathi Devanagari
Nepali Devanagari
Odia Odia
Punjabi Gurmukhi
Sanskrit Devanagari
Sindhi Devanagari or Arabic
Tamil Tamil
Telugu Telugu
Urdu Persian
Bodo Devanagari
Dogri Devanagari
Maithili Devanagari
Santhali Devanagari or Olchiki *

 Important note: Paper A is not compulsory for candidates hailing from the States of Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland and Sikkim.

Paper structure for Paper A in UPSC Mains

  1. Essay writing for 100 marks
  2. Reading comprehension for 60 marks
  3. Précis writing for 60 marks
  4. Translation:
  1. Translating English to the compulsory language chosen for 20 marks
  2. Translating the Compulsory Indian language to English for 20 mark
  1. Usage of grammar and basic language for 40 marks

Preparing for the UPSC Indian language paper

  • Questions are based out of 10th Class standars
  • You should prepare hard for this paper also
  • Wisely You have to choose the langague paper – select the langageu paper which u have in school days – because you are going to have a grip on it.
  • CBSE school level books (Std. X) will be sufficient for this paper. Revise your school language and basic grammar lessons. Pick the website called upsc.gov.in
  • Read regular news paper of you own Langague which u opted for 20 mins. This make you understand about the Langague. It will also give you the modern method of writing in the Langague
  • Write and practice. If you have not been writing in the regional language after your schooling, writing practice is imperative. You should have common spellings and punctuation at the tip of your fingers.
  • Practicing question papers also enhances your writing speed.
  • Practice translating from English to the regional language and vice versa.

Tips for writing the UPSC Indian language paper

  • Read the question paper properly first.
  • Solve those questions in which you are confident and comfortable. If your grammar skills are good, you are advised to complete the questions on grammar first.
  • If grammar is not your forte, answer the comprehension passage first. This is usually simpler because you can spot the answers in the passage in the question itself.
  • For the essay question, opt for simple but effective language. Try the essay question at the end with at least forty minutes to spare. Once you are finished with the other sections, you will have developed enough ‘flow’ to pen your essay. Therefore, you should not waste time to write an elaborate essay in the beginning of your paper.
  • Avoid spelling mistakes and grammatical errors.
  • Follow the following rule when you attempt the question on translation:
  1. If you are better in English than in the Indian language you should do the Indian language to English translation first.
  2. Conversly, if you are more comfortable in the Indian language as compared to English, you should attempt the translation from English to the vernacular first.

The other language paper is the compulsory English language paper, which also requires certain special focus. There are a few tips to tackle the Compulsory English Paper in UPSC Civil Services Exam following which you can walk over the paper with ease.